News Literacy and Democracy — New book out now!

I’m excited to share my first solo-authored book, News Literacy and Democracy, out now from Routledge, a major academic publisher! Read the awesome reviews below! Get it now from Routledge or Amazon.

NLD book coverNews Literacy and Democracy invites readers to go beyond surface-level fact checking and to examine the structures, institutions, practices, and routines that comprise news media systems.

This introductory text underscores the importance of news literacy to democratic life and advances an argument that critical contexts regarding news media structures and institutions should be central to news literacy education. Under the larger umbrella of media literacy, a critical approach to news literacy seeks to examine the mediated construction of the social world and the processes and influences that allow some news messages to spread while others get left out. Drawing on research from a range of disciplines, including media studies, political economy, and social psychology, this book aims to inform and empower the citizens who rely on news media so they may more fully participate in democratic and civic life.

The book is an essential read for undergraduate students of journalism and news literacy and will be of interest to scholars teaching and studying media literacy, political economy, media sociology, and political psychology.

REVIEWS FOR NEWS LITERACY AND DEMOCRACY

“Seth Ashley’s book on news literacy provides a refreshing, original and long overdue treatment of the matter, making media literacy a vibrant political and intellectual issue for our times.”

–Robert W. McChesney, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

“In News Literacy and Democracy, Seth Ashley offers a refreshing holistic approach to news literacy that goes far beyond so-called ‘fake news’ and one that is deeply aligned with the key concepts of media literacy. This book provides a rich knowledge base to help people understand how the news is constructed and why it has become more sensational and more partisan over time. Timely and responsive to the current media environment, this book helps people understand how changing business models for journalism are influencing the depiction of news and current events that we encounter online. This book should be required reading for every citizen as they reflect upon and consider what new forms of media policy and regulation may be needed to ensure that journalism can fulfill its social obligations in sustaining the democratic process.”

–Renee Hobbs, University of Rhode Island

“With great care and clarity, Seth Ashley maps out key challenges facing our society today, from the decline of journalism to the rise of misinformation. In doing so, he underscores the need for a critical approach to news literacy that considers contextual factors such as market fundamentalism and monopoly power. This timely and invaluable book should be required reading for anyone who is concerned about the future of democracy.”

–Victor Pickard, University of Pennsylvania

“In a time of increasing distrust in civic institutions, and specifically the news industry, Seth Ashley provides a poignant look at the challenges to our contemporary news ecosystem. Ashley’s critical insight shows an understanding of the impacts of digital technologies on our news industries, and also explores some of the potential ways that citizens can become meaningfully engaged in news processes. Seth Ashley has provided a text that is necessary reading for those interested in the future of vibrant, diverse, and equitable democracy.”

–Paul Mihailidis, Emerson College

“Pulling from media sociology, political science, social psychology, and other fields, this book distills rich theoretical concepts and wide-ranging empirical findings into clear and helpful insights. In the process, Seth Ashley expands the scope of what news literacy is and what it can do for democratic life.”

–Tim P. Vos, Michigan State University

“Ashley provides a timely, engaging discussion of the need for critical news literacy in contemporary democracies. He brings a nuanced and historical perspective to modern problems and avoids hyperbole surrounding ‘fake news.’ This book is perfect for students and others looking to understand news literacy and its applicability to our lives.”

–Melissa Tully, University of Iowa

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My new book is out now!

My new book, “American Journalism and ‘Fake News’: Examining the Facts” is out now! With esteemed co-authors Jessica Roberts and Adam Maksl.

See details from the publisher, ABC-CLIO, and purchase on Amazon.

This book provides a comprehensive and impartial overview of the state of American journalism and news-gathering in the 21st century, with a special focus on the rise—and meaning—of “fake news.”

A part of ABC-CLIO’s Examining the Facts series, which uses evidence-based documentation to examine the veracity of claims and beliefs about high-profile issues in American culture and politics, this volume examines beliefs, claims, and myths about American journalism and news media. It offers a comprehensive overview of the field of American journalism, including contemporary issues and historical foundations, and places modern problems such as “fake news” and misinformation in the context of larger technological and economic forces.

The book illustrates the strengths and weaknesses of journalistic practices so readers can feel empowered to navigate the complex information environment in which we live and to understand the level to which various news sources can (or can’t) be trusted to provide accurate and timely coverage of issues and events of import to the public and the nation. These skills and knowledge structures are necessary for any citizen who wishes to be an informed participant in a self-governing democratic society.

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News Media Literacy is suddenly everywhere!

So much going on now that everyone suddenly wants to talk media literacy and “fake news”! While the circumstances are unfortunate, the silver lining these days is the increase in awareness and interest in these important topics. I’m actually on sabbatical this semester, but I’m keeping pretty busy…

I recently got to participate in Boise Weekly’s “Citizen” feature in a Q&A titled, “The essential nature of media literacy and fact vs. fiction.”

As for research, I have two new publications I’m excited about:

One is in the Journal of Media Literacy Education titled “News Media Literacy and Political Engagement: What’s the Connection?” In this study, I and fellow co-authors Stephanie Craft at University of Illinois and Adam Maksl at Indiana University Southeast found that individuals with higher levels of news media literacy also have higher levels of political engagement.

We also have an article in the journal Communication and the Public titled “News Media Literacy and Conspiracy Theory Endorsement.” In this article, we found that higher levels of news media literacy are related to lower endorsement of conspiracy theories.

Together, I hope these two publications help make the case for the importance of news media literacy in democratic society, particularly in the context of today’s messy information environment. Our theory-based approach goes beyond the typical notion of news literacy, which is often limited to fact-checking and hoax-spotting. While these skills are important, this research illustrates the need for holistic knowledge of the media system and its impact.

Our definition of news media literacy centers on knowledge about how the news industry works, how outside forces influence content and how content affects consumers. We also examine individuals’ motivations for news consumption and feelings of control over their consumption.

Looking ahead, Adam and I have a book under contract with publisher ABC-CLIO. It’s a reference book called “American Journalism and Fake News: Examining the Facts.”

Finally, I’ve had lots of chances to share the gospel of news media literacy, including Oct. 6 at the Idaho Library Association conference as part of a panel on media literacy, and at an Albertsons Library session on combating misinformation on Oct. 24.

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The struggle over news literacy

My latest piece on news literacy was published in the UK journal, Journalism Education. I argue for the inclusion of political economic contexts in teaching people about news. It helps to know something about the systems and processes that produce news if you want to understand what you’re getting and what’s left out…

The struggle over news literacy: can we include political economic contexts in the emerging field of news literacy?

Surging in popularity, news literacy has tended to centre on an understanding of journalistic content and its importance for preserving democratic life. What typically receive less attention are the political, economic and cultural contexts in which news is produced. A focus on content is warranted, but examination of the institutions and structure of news media systems also is essential for developing a full appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of news content. Drawing on literature in media literacy, political economy of media, and media sociology, this paper argues for a context-centred approach to the critical analysis of news content as well as its production and consumption.

Read the full article here. It’s open access!

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In the Media

I made two recent media appearances. I love talking to reporters and helping to provide a scholarly context for current events. One story is about a new news outlet created by a regional bank, which raises some obvious conflict-of-interest questions. Another article covered the Sony hack incident and localized the issue to Boise. Good times!

I also wrote a couple pieces of my own for The Blue Review. The Flight from Journalism covers the imbalance between journalism and public relations and examines the bigger political economic picture. The End of the Open Internet discusses the need for net neutrality and provides some historical context.

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Measuring News Media Literacy

I co-authored a white paper report (PDF) on research conducted with support from the McCormick Foundation. Developing ways to improve young people’s news media literacy has been the focus of much recent attention among scholars, educators, and news professionals. Common definitions and approaches, however, have been scarce, making it difficult to compare and analyze curriculum effectiveness and research results. This project sought to create a measure of news media literacy that can be used to further our understanding of what constitutes news media literacy and to help validate and improve education and training.

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Teaching Nuance

The need for media literacy in the digital age

Originally posted at The Blue Review on Feb. 20, 2013. http://thebluereview.org/teaching-media-literacy/

By Seth Ashley

Today’s students are not being equipped with the critical thinking and analysis skills they need to successfully navigate our media-saturated environment. Time spent consuming media, now up to nearly eight hours a day, continues to increase, but students often are poorly versed in analyzing and understanding different media messages and formats. They prefer to see the world of media messages as simple and straightforward, to be taken at face value, according to recent research in the field of media literacy. While students express confidence that media messages have clear primary meanings and sources that can be easily identified, media literacy demands nuanced thinking about message creators as well as their goals and values.

As policymakers grapple over how to deploy technology in classrooms, they should beware of producing generations of students drowning in digital devices without enough good ideas about what to do with them.
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